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Berlin, Fred S.; Pedophilia and DSM-5: The Importance of Clearly Defining the Nature of a Pedophilic Disorder
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 42:404 –7, 2014 - EDITORIAL
... DSM-5 states that an indicator of a Pedophilic Disorder would be that an individual has “acted on” his sexual urges (Ref. 1, p 697). “Acted on” could mean that he has actually molested a child. On the other hand, it could also mean that he has masturbated to pedophilic fantasies or that he has viewed child pornography.
The current criteria for diagnosing a Pedophilic Disorder place some persons who have never molested a child into the same diagnostic category as those who have done so. ... As a consequence, the distinction between being sexually attracted to children in some fashion (e.g., experiencing urges to view child pornography) and experiencing urges to act on that attraction with a child can easily be lost. ...
In the face of significant criticism of its inclusion in the DSM-5, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) has stated its intention to remove the term Pedophilic Sexual Orientation from the diagnostic manual. ...
Removing that term in response to public criticism would be a mistake. Experiencing ongoing sexual attractions to prepubescent children is, in essence, a form of sexual orientation, and acknowledging that reality can help to distinguish the mental makeup that is inherent to Pedophilia, from acts of child sexual abuse. ...
Viewing child pornography should not be considered a useful diagnostic indicator of a Pedophilic Disorder.
Gieles, F.E. J.; Forget the fout percent - Remeber the one percent
Ipce & JON
Now and then, I have said that the research of Rind c.s. should prove that a sexual experience during childhood in only four percent should result in lasting harm, and only for girls and only for cases of incest and force. This is not correct.
I discovered this in a shock after someone said that this was only one percent. In my text to correct this into 4%, I wanted to place a link to this cipher in Rind’s meta-analysis. This 4% cannot be found there! ...
The 1% can be found in Rind’s meta=analysis, but this cipher has another meaning.
... Explanation ... Snakes in the grass ... Contemplation ...
Cash, Brian Martin; Self-identifications, sexual development and
well-being in minor-attracted people: an exploratory study - A Thesis
| Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University
|Most research on sexual attraction to minor
children and adolescents has viewed this phenomenon as a
has used clinical and forensic study populations. This study seeks to
conceptualize minor attraction as a sexual
orientation, and uses a
sample of minor- attracted people recruited from the internet (N = 160). Participants’ sexual identities, sexual attractions, disclosures, and
well-being are investigated.
Results indicate that minor-attracted people
have varied experiences, but common themes that emerged in these areas
are discussed. Regarding well-being, minor-attracted people in general
had higher loneliness and lower self- esteem than the general public.
But positive disclosure experiences and having some level of attraction
towards adults were related to lower loneliness, and more accepting
attitudes towards sex between adults and children were found to be
related to higher self-esteem. In general, findings supported the
conceptualization of minor attraction as a sexual
|The narrative that
may be told ...
... in the self-helpgroups
JON* en JORis** West
|JORis / JON
|Since 1981 have I been the chair of
self-help groups for people with pedophilic feelings. By doing so, 35
years long, I have developed a methodology, which I now try to put
Padding, R.; Pedophilia and Conflict - Research on the conflicted relation between the
presence of pedophiles and Dutch society.
| Radboud University Nijmegen - 2015
|This research is centered on pedophiles and their place in Dutch society and based on the
question: To what extent is there a conflict due to the presence of pedophiles in Dutch
society? Data was gathered and analyzed through a qualitative content analysis of newspaper
articles and semi-structured interviews with pedophiles. In this research pedophiles are defined as people with a sexual age orientation directed
towards children younger than sixteen years old. A sexual orientation does not only revolve
around sexual feelings, but romantic feelings as well.
Two main results were found.
First, newspapers present a generalized image of pedophiles as people who have engaged
or are likely to engage in a form of pedosexuality. This overgeneralization leads to the
formation of a stigmatized stereotype, that of a criminal sexual child abuser.
Second, the respondents experience that stigma in their daily life, since they do not feel
accepted by society. Instead they experience structural conflict to some extent in the form
of unequal life chances. The fact that they are unable to speak out about their sexual
identity can lead to difficulties in the social life, in asking for protection and professional
help, and in living without fear of discovery. The latter is a form of latent violence.
- From the Results: "The organization that is valued the most amongst the respondents, is
the self-help group JON, part of the NVSH."
- From the Discussion: "It would be a great asset to find out possibilities to strengthen and
protect associations such as the NVSH and its self-help group.
.E. J., PhD, The Netherlands, has written A Short Comment on
"Houtepen, Jenny A.B.M.; Sijtsema,
Jelle J. and Bogaerts, Stefan;
Attracted to Minors:
Development, Coping With Forbidden Feelings, and Relieving Sexual
Arousal in Self-Identified Pedophiles:
research in the wrong frame - A Short Comment; 2016"
|A renewing view on people with pedophile
feelings who massively are willing and able to control themselves … is
seen through the spectacles or within the frame of the more familiar ‘good
old’ offender-model, just the people that could not control
Houtepen, Jenny A.B.M.; Sijtsema, Jelle J. and Bogaerts,
Attracted to Minors:
Development, Coping With Forbidden Feelings, and Relieving Sexual
Arousal in Self-Identified Pedophiles
| - Department of Developmental Psychology,
Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
- Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy; 22
- Comment: JON
|This article aims to provide more insight
into pedophilic attraction and risk and protective factors for offending
in non-clinical pedophiles.
Fifteen participants were interviewed about
sexuality, coping, and sexual self-regulation. Many participants
struggled with acknowledging pedophilic interest in early puberty and
experienced psychological difficulties as a result. Furthermore, many
committed sex offenses during adolescence when they were still
discovering their feelings.
Early recognition of risk factors and early
start of interventions seem vital in preventing offending. Moreover,
results suggest that risk for offending can be diminished by creating
more openness about pedophilia and by providing pedophiles with social
support and control.
On the new page
'Read More' > 'Ethics':
|Gieles, F E J
The tail end of a long dachshund
A long-standing ethics discussion
|In May 2011, the
Martijn Association decided to set up an Ethics Commission. Ethics
is concerned with the question of what is good and what is bad; with
values, norms and guidelines. [...]
In this article, I aim to place these guidelines in a broader
context, namely that of the debate which has taken place in the
Netherlands – and far beyond its borders – since the 1990s. The
commission does not come up with any revolutionary, new advice, but
follows up on a long-standing discussion, like the tail end of a long
It shows that, as long as people with paedophilic feelings are allowed
to enter into serious discussion, far from ending up in ‘raunchy
suggestions’ the end result is an actual ethical code – and a fairly
strict one at that.
|You would never
want to harm a child, would you? Association Martijn, Ethical
The Netherlands, March 2012
Association advises all its members to observe the law and to act in
accordance with the following guidelines. Exercise integrity in all
situations involving children while respecting:
- Consent: the consent of both in every contact.
- Freedom: freedom for the child to end the contact if
- Harmony: acting in accordance with the child’s
- Openness: openness towards the parents, especially in the
case of young children.
Stanley, Jessica L., Bartholomew Kim, & Oram Doug,
Gay and Bisexual Men's Age-Discrepant Childhood Sexual Experiences
|The Journal of Sex Research 41-4
This study examined childhood sexual abuse
(CSA) in gay and bisexual men. We compared
- the conventional definition
of CSA based on age difference with
- a modified definition of CSA
based on perception [CSA-P or CSE - Child
Sexual Experience] to evaluate which definition best
accounted for problems in adjustment.
In conclusion, the
standard convention of defining age-based childhood sexual abuse as
uniformly negative, harmful, and coercive may not accurately represent
gay and bisexual men's sexual experiences.
Combining perception-based CSA experience with noncoercive, nonnegative,
nonabusive experiences, as the age-based definition does, presents a
misleading picture of childhood sexual abuse.
An age-based CSA definition inflates prevalence rates of childhood
sexual abuse and inaccurately suggests that the maladjustment associated
with perception-based CSA [CSA-P or CSE] experiences applies to all
childhood age-discrepant sexual encounters.
Nicolaï, N.J., The Consequences of Sexual Abuse of Minors - On behalf of the Commission for Examination of Sexual Abuse of Minors in the Roman-Catholic Church [* in the Netherlands]
||In: Rapport Commissie Deetman, Balans, 2011, Part 2. Summary and conclusions in English by Frans E J Gieles, PhD.
|In this essay, sexual abuse is, conform the scientific and juridical mores, defined as "... sexual-genital manipulation of a child below the age of sixteen, by an adult of whom the child is dependent or with whom he or she has a relationship of confidence, with the aim of satisfaction of the sexual need of the first. [...] There is an age difference, and/or a difference in power, by which the child is not able to refuse the sexual contact, which is not consensual."
Research of the later consequences of sexual abuse is done in three phases or generations of research.
The most recent research explores what has appeared to be the most central factor: disturbance of the stress regulation.
There is consensus about harm for the physical and emotional health, especially the attachment and sexuality, even if the consequences are invisible at first sight. They are just like a time bomb, that explodes as soon as, in adulthood, the impact of the events becomes significant.